DescriptionThe University of Oxford, the first university in England and the second in Europe, is founded
RateVery important (8)
The exact date of the university's foundation is unclear, but there is evidence of teaching at Oxford by 1096. When Henry II forbade English students to study at the University of Paris in 1167, Oxford began to expand rapidly. A university was established in Cambridge around 1209, probably by scholars fleeing unrest in Oxford.