First Intermediate period follows Old Kingdom as Egypt is split on some regional governments after collapse of central authority in Egypt due to rising power of regional governors and long period of severe droughts and famine


Ancient Egypt


Very important (8)


Government, Famines


Very little monumental evidence survives from this period, especially towards the beginning of the era. The First Intermediate Period was a dynamic time in history where rule of Egypt was roughly divided between two competing power bases. One of those bases resided at Heracleopolis in Lower Egypt, a city just south of the Faiyum region. The other resided at Thebes in Upper Egypt. It is believed that during this time, the temples were pillaged and violated, their existing artwork was vandalized, and the statues of kings were broken or destroyed as a result of this alleged political chaos.