DescriptionOttoman army under Murad I defeats Byzantine army at battle of Maritsa and conquer most of the Balkans
RateVery important (8)
SphereWars & Terrorism
Another campaign to resist Turkish expansion was organized in 1371 by Vukašin, the king of the southern Serbian lands, who gathered an army of 70,000 men and marched into the Maritsa valley. While halting at Chernomen (Chirmen; located between Philippopolis and Adrianople), however, his forces were surprised by a much smaller Turkish army, which killed large numbers of Serbs, including Vukašin, and drove many of the survivors into the river to be drowned. The battle involved such carnage that the field was later referred to as “the Serbs’ destruction.” It confirmed Bulgaria’s status as a vassal-state to the Turks and destroyed the independent South Serbian kingdom, whose new ruler, Marko Kraljević, became a vassal of the sultan. Macedonia and ultimately the remainder of the Balkan Peninsula were exposed to Turkish conquest.