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Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, a German mathematician and philosopher, independently of Isaac Newton develops the infinitesimal calculus, which comprises differential and integral calculus and introduces widely used mathematical notation

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Holy Roman Empire

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Science

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According to Leibniz's notebooks, a critical breakthrough occurred on November 11, 1675, when he employed integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of a function y = ƒ(x). He introduced several notations used to this day, for instance the integral sign ∫ representing an elongated S, from the Latin word summa and the d used for differentials, from the Latin word differentia. This cleverly suggestive notation for the calculus is probably his most enduring mathematical legacy.

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